A Pap smear or Pap test is a procedure that detects abnormal cells in the cervix -- the narrow part of the womb that leads to the vagina -- that may indicate cancer.
Dr.Mann and her team screens most women for cervical cancer around age 21 and every 1-5 years depending on your age, family history, and risk factors. Women with specific risk factors like previous precancerous cells or a weakened immune system should have a Pap smear every year.
Early-stage cervical cancer has no symptoms, which makes your Pap smear critical for early detection.
Dr.Mann and her team performs a Pap smear during your routine pelvic exam or when you have unusual symptoms.
During a Pap smear,she inserts a speculum into your vagina to see your cervix. You’ll feel a bit of pressure but no pain.
Using a small medical spatula and brush, she scrapes a small sample of cervical cells off the cervix. The procedure is over in seconds, and you’re free to resume your daily activities. She then sends the sample to a lab to be checked for abnormalities.
Pap smear results come back as normal, unclear, or abnormal. A positive result means your sample contained abnormal cells, but it doesn’t necessarily mean you have cervical cancer. Doctor uses two primary procedures to learn more about your cervical tissue.
Dr. Mann and her team uses a type of microscope to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for signs of disease. She sometimes collects a small tissue sample for additional testing.
The procedure takes around 20 minutes and is relatively painless. After a biopsy sample, some women have light bleeding, vaginal discharge, or slight vaginal pain up to two days after the procedure.
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is another way to test and treat abnormal cervical cells. This procedure is performed if you have high-grade abnormal cells on your cervix.
During LEEP, Doctor removes the abnormal tissue so she can test it for cancer. During the procedure, she applies an anesthetic to the cervix before using a loop to shave off the abnormal cells. The procedure takes approximately 20 minutes.
After Doctor reviews results of your tests, she discusses the best course of action for you. Early detection is the best tool we have against cervical cancer, so schedule your Pap smear with Doctor today .